Functional species traits of carabid beetles living in two riparian alder forests of the Sila plateau subject to different disturbance factors (Coleoptera: Carabidae)

  • Antonio Mazzei Dipartimento di DiBEST, Università della Calabria, Rende (CS), Italy.
  • Teresa Bonacci | teresa.bonacci@unical.it Dipartimento di DiBEST, Università della Calabria, Rende (CS), Italy.
  • Carmen Gangale Museo di Storia Naturale della Calabria ed Orto Botanico, Rende (CS), Italy.
  • Roberto Pizzolotto Dipartimento di DiBEST, Università della Calabria, Rende (CS), Italy.
  • Pietro Brandmayr Dipartimento di DiBEST, Università della Calabria, Rende (CS), Italy.

Abstract

We studied carabid beetle assemblages found in riparian black alder forests in the Sila plateau (Southern Apennines). These carabid assemblages are characterized by a high incidence of endemic small-sized, low dispersal, highly stenotopic (hygrophilic), and trophycally specialized species. To evaluate the influence of anthropogenic disturbance on these insects, we compared carabid assemblage of an old undisturbed forest (65-170y, wilderness landscape) with that of a younger, partly grazed stand (40-60y, cropland landscape). The carabid assemblage of the disturbed stand was characterized by a higher number of species, but showed a lower incidence of zoophagous specialists and brachypterous beetles, with many species probably coming from an adjacent cropland. However, the disturbed stand maintains almost 80% of the core species found in the older forest, which suggests that these insects are not particularly sensitive to disturbance factors represented by periodic wood harvesting and extensive cattle grazing.

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Published
2015-06-30
Section
Research Articles
Keywords:
ground beetles, Alnus glutinosa, ecological traits, Calabria, Sila National Park
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How to Cite
Mazzei, A., Bonacci, T., Gangale, C., Pizzolotto, R., & Brandmayr, P. (2015). Functional species traits of carabid beetles living in two riparian alder forests of the Sila plateau subject to different disturbance factors (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Fragmenta Entomologica, 47(1), 37-44. https://doi.org/10.4081/fe.2015.132