Carpaneto, Giuseppe, Cosimo Baviera, Alessandro Biscaccianti, Pietro Brandmayr, Antonio Mazzei, Franco Mason, Alessia Battistoni, Corrado Teofili, Carlo Rondinini, Simone Fattorini, and Paolo Audisio. “A Red List of Italian Saproxylic Beetles: Taxonomic Overview, Ecological Features and Conservation Issues (Coleoptera)”. Fragmenta Entomologica 47, no. 2 (December 30, 2015): 53-126. Accessed September 22, 2019. http://www.fragmentaentomol.org/index.php/fragmenta/article/view/138.